Causes of Fibroid Tumors
The exact cause of fibroid tumor is unknown. However, doctors believe that malfunction or abnormal function of estrogen (a female hormone) can result in the growth of fibroids. Therefore, if a woman takes contraceptives or supplements containing estrogen, there are higher chances for growth of fibroid tumors. Similarly, during pregnancy, the body of females naturally produce excess estrogen which can also result in formation of fibroids.
Fibroid Tumors Symptoms
Excessive bleeding is the classic symptom of fibroid tumors. Heavy bleeding is observed during all the 4-5 days of menstruation. Sometimes it is also seen that the periods last longer. Due to excess blood loss, anemia can be developed in women. Sometimes, bleeding or spotting is also observed between two menstrual cycles.
- Abdominal pain
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Pain in hips
Sometimes infertility can also be one of the signs or complication of fibroid tumor. Presence of fibroid does not directly affect pregnancy but can causes problems in it. If the fibroid is located in the uterus, it can occupy the space meant for the baby. On the other hand, the fibroids developed in other parts of the female reproductive system can even cause an obstacle in the path of the fertilized egg when reaching its proper place. Most of the time, fibroid tumors are small in size and disappear at menopause. However, they need to be treated if they start causing problems.
Treating Fibroid Tumors
The location and size of the fibroid tumor and the age of the woman play an important role in deciding the treatment method to be adopted for fibroid tumors. If the fibroid develops during the time of menopause (between 43-45 years of age), there is hardly any necessity to treat it as it disappears after menopause. On the other hand, fibroids that are very small in size also do not need to be treated. They can be treated with medications. On the other hand, certain fibroid tumors are large in size and are located in complicated places. Therefore, they need to be treated with the help of surgical procedures.
Myomectomy is the surgical procedure that is used for the removal of tumors. Although there are chances of blood loss, this is an effective technique. It is also very effective in treating multiple fibroids. If a woman develops a fibroid at an early age, there are higher chances of her getting it again. However, multiple Myomectomy can lead to problems and complications. Another surgery to treat fibroid tumors is hysterectomy. It is the complete removal of the uterus. Hysterectomy is undertaken only when the tumor creates problems with other organs due to its large size. Hysterectomy is also considered as an effective treatment for fibroid tumors. Sometimes, as an alternative for surgery, certain drugs are also prescribed for fibroid tumors treatment. However these drugs need to be taken regularly and failing to do so can result in making the tumor regain its original size.
In order to make the treatment effective, it is very essential to identify the symptoms as early as possible. There are no preventive measures to avoid fibroids. However, a woman should undertake regular checkup in order to spot and diagnose such abnormalities and treat them as soon as possible.
How To Treat Fibroid Tumors?